El Pretérito - repaso de gramática

# F. J. Villatoro #

Lee el resumen de la gramática y rellena los huecos:
To form the Preterite tense, remove the –AR / -ER / -IR to get to the stem, then add the following endings:

HABLAR COMER VIVIR

Comí Viví
Hablaste Viviste
Habló Comió
Comimos Vivimos
Hablasteis Comisteis
Hablaron Vivieron

Por ejemplo:

(I spoke)
Comimos (We )
Vivieron (They )

You have already come across the forms of IR (to go) in the preterite.

/ fuiste / / fuimos / fuisteis /

(to be) has exactly the same parts as IR.

Por ejemplo:

¿Adónde tú? (Where did you go?)
Fui a Marbella (I to Marbella)
estupendo (It was great!)


Other irregular preterites include the following -

DAR (to give) VER (to see) HACER (to do)

Vi Hice
Diste Hiciste
Dio Vio
Dimos Hicimos
Visteis Hicisteis
Dieron Vieron


-AR verbs whose stems end in the letters C, G and Z have spelling changes in the form.
While these verbs are regular in speech, the rules of Spanish spelling require that the sounds /k/ /g/ and /s/ (written z) be written differently before E and I:

Por ejemplo:

YO FORM / INFINITIVE / TRANSLATION
Yo (jugar) I played
Yo (practicar) I practised / did
Yo pagué (pagar) I
Yo (llegar) I arrived
Yo saqué () I took
Yo (tocar) I touched / play (an instrument)
Yo empecé (empezar) I
Yo (almorzar) I had lunch