The Future Tense: Grammar Explanation

         

In Italian there is only one way of expressing the future and that is using the future tense.

 

We cannot use andare (to go) + the infinitive as in other languages.

 

Formation

 

Find the stem:

                   for –ere and –ire verbs, simply remove the final e.

                   e.g.    vendere       –        vender

                             finire                    –        finir

 

                   for –are verbs, remove the final e and change the a to an e.

                   e.g.    trovare        –        trover

 

Then add the following endings:

 

•        ς

•        ai

•        ΰ

•        emo

•        ete

•        anno

 

Irregular Stems

 

•        Essere – sar

•        Avere – avr

•        Andare – andr

•        Fare – far

•        Stare – star

•        Volere – vorr

•        Potere – potr

•        Dovere – dovr

•        Dare – dar

•        Vedere – vedr

•        Venire – verr

•        Sapere – sapr

•        Rimanere – rimarr

•        Vivere - vivr

•        Bere – berr