The Future Tense: Grammar Explanation

 

 

Index                                                                                       First Exercise

 

The future tense in French is formed in French in the following way:

 

Take the stem of the verb, as follows:

 

-ER Verbs:   the infinitive,                                      i.e. jouer                =  jouer

-IR Verbs:             the infinitive,                            i.e. finir                 =  finir

-RE verbs:             the infinitive minus the "e",        i.e. attendre           = attendr

 

Easy way to remember these endings:

They are the verb "avoir" in the present tense, minus the "av" in the nous and vous forms. i.e.

j'ai

tu as

il a

nous (av)ons

vous (av)ez

ils ont

 
Now add the endings below:

 

je ....................... ai

tu ....................... as

il  .......................  a

nous .................  ons

vous .................  ez

ils ......................  ont

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS:

 

There are a number of verbs which have irregular stems. The most common are given below:

 

acheter

 achèter

avoir

aur

être

ser

aller

 ir

faire

fer

courir

courr

devoir

devr

envoyer

 enverr

se lever

se lèver

pouvoir

 pourr

recevoir

 recevr

savoir

saur

venir

viendr

voir

 verr

vouloir

 voudr